Scanning nanomagnetometry : probing magnetism with single spins in diamond

Appel, Patrick. Scanning nanomagnetometry : probing magnetism with single spins in diamond. 2017, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_12308

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Scanning nanomagnetometry based on the electronic spin of the nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond is an emerging sensing technology, which allows for the probing of magnetic fields on the nanoscale. High sensitivity, of a few tens of nT$/\sqrt{\rm{Hz}}$, can be achieved by exploiting the extraordinary properties of this special lattice defect. Incorporating this atomic sized sensor in the apex of all-diamond scanning probes allows controlled proximity of the NV center and a sample to be achieved. The resulting resolution of a few tens of nm in combination with an NV's sensitivity offers unique possibilities for exploring new physical properties or phenomena.
In this thesis, we developed and characterized a high performance scanning NV magnetometer and we demonstrate its potential for probing magnetic fields in two applications. We implemented a procedure to fabricate single-crystal, all-diamond scanning probes and developed a highly efficient and robust approach for integrating these devices into our setup. The resulting sensitivities of $\eta_{\rm{DC}}\sim750\,$nT$/\sqrt{\rm{Hz}}$ for DC and $\eta_{\rm{AC}}\sim114\,$nT$/\sqrt{\rm{Hz}}$ for AC-magnetic fields and resolution of $50\pm32\,$nm enabled real space imaging of the stray field of an antiferromagnet and the imaging of microwave magnetic fields with unprecedented spatial resolution. Both applications illustrate the potential of this powerful technique for imaging weak magnetic fields and revealing physical properties that are inaccessible with alternative approaches. Scanning NV magnetometry therefore forms an attractive, new technique, which will have a profound impact on many different research areas ranging from magnetism and advanced material sciences to spintronics and quantum computing.
Advisors:Maletinsky, Patrick and Nolting, Frithjof
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Georg H. Endress-Stiftungsprofessur für Experimentalphysik (Maletinsky)
UniBasel Contributors:Appel, Patrick
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:12308
Thesis status:Complete
Number of Pages:1 Online-Ressource (vi, 118 Seiten)
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Last Modified:08 Feb 2020 14:42
Deposited On:12 Oct 2017 10:03

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