Structural evidence for functional lipid interactions in the betaine transporter BetP

Koshy, Caroline and Schweikhard, Eva S. and Gärtner, Rebecca M. and Perez, Camilo and Yildiz, Ozkan and Ziegler, Christine. (2013) Structural evidence for functional lipid interactions in the betaine transporter BetP. The EMBO Journal, 32 (23). pp. 3096-3105.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/56042/

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Bilayer lipids contribute to the stability of membrane transporters and are crucially involved in their proper functioning. However, the molecular knowledge of how surrounding lipids affect membrane transport is surprisingly limited and despite its general importance is rarely considered in the molecular description of a transport mechanism. One reason is that only few atomic resolution structures of channels or transporters reveal a functional interaction with lipids, which are difficult to detect in X-ray structures per se. Overcoming these difficulties, we report here on a new structure of the osmotic stress-regulated betaine transporter BetP in complex with anionic lipids. This lipid-associated BetP structure is important in the molecular understanding of osmoregulation due to the strong dependence of activity regulation in BetP on the presence of negatively charged lipids. We detected eight resolved palmitoyl-oleoyl phosphatidyl glycerol (PG) lipids mimicking parts of the membrane leaflets and interacting with key residues in transport and regulation. The lipid-protein interactions observed here in structural detail in BetP provide molecular insights into the role of lipids in osmoregulated secondary transport.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics
UniBasel Contributors:Perez, Camilo
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:30 Nov 2017 13:06
Deposited On:30 Nov 2017 13:06

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