Structure and inhibitor specificity of the PCTAIRE-family kinase CDK16

Dixon-Clarke, Sarah E. and Shehata, Saifeldin N. and Krojer, Tobias and Sharpe, Timothy D. and von Delft, Frank and Sakamoto, Kei and Bullock, Alex N.. (2017) Structure and inhibitor specificity of the PCTAIRE-family kinase CDK16. Biochemical Journal, 474 (5). pp. 699-713.

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CDK16 (also known as PCTAIRE1 or PCTK1) is an atypical member of the cyclin-dependent protein kinase (CDK) family that has emerged as a key regulator of neurite outgrowth, vesicle trafficking and cancer cell proliferation. CDK16 is activated through binding to cyclin Y via a phosphorylation-dependent 14-3-3 interaction and has an unique consensus substrate phosphorylation motif compared to conventional CDKs. To elucidate the structure and inhibitor binding properties of this atypical CDK we screened the CDK16 kinase domain against different inhibitor libraries and determined the co-structures of identified hits. We discovered that the ATP-binding pocket of CDK16 can accommodate both type I and type II kinase inhibitors. The most potent CDK16 inhibitors revealed by cell-free and cell-based assays were the multi-targeted cancer drugs dabrafenib and rebastinib. An inactive DFG-out binding conformation was confirmed by the first crystal structures of CDK16 in separate complexes with the inhibitors indirubin E804 and rebastinib, respectively. The structures revealed considerable conformational plasticity suggesting that the isolated CDK16 kinase domain was relatively unstable in the absence of a cyclin partner. The unusual structural features and chemical scaffolds identified here hold promise for the development of more selective CDK16 inhibitors and provide opportunity to better characterise the role of CDK16 and its related CDK family members in various physiological and pathological contexts.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Services Biozentrum > Biophysics Facility (Sharpe)
UniBasel Contributors:Sharpe, Timothy
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Portland Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:02 Oct 2017 14:43
Deposited On:02 Oct 2017 14:43

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