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Estimating particulate exposure from modern municipal waste incinerators in Great Britain

Douglas, Philippa and Freni-Sterrantino, Anna and Leal Sanchez, Maria and Ashworth, Danielle C. and Ghosh, Rebecca E. and Fecht, Daniela and Font, Anna and Blangiardo, Marta and Gulliver, John and Toledano, Mireille B. and Elliott, Paul and de Hoogh, Kees and Fuller, Gary W. and Hansell, Anna L.. (2017) Estimating particulate exposure from modern municipal waste incinerators in Great Britain. Environmental Science and Technology, 51 (13). pp. 7511-7519.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/55635/

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Abstract

Municipal Waste Incineration (MWI) is regulated through the European Union Directive on Industrial Emissions (IED), but there is ongoing public concern regarding potential hazards to health. Using dispersion modeling, we estimated spatial variability in PM10 concentrations arising from MWIs at postcodes (average 12 households) within 10 km of MWIs in Great Britain (GB) in 2003-2010. We also investigated change points in PM10 emissions in relation to introduction of EU Waste Incineration Directive (EU-WID) (subsequently transposed into IED) and correlations of PM10 with SO2, NOx, heavy metals, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furan (PCDD/F), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) emissions. Yearly average modeled PM10 concentrations were 1.00 × 10(-5) to 5.53 × 10(-2) μg m(-3), a small contribution to ambient background levels which were typically 6.59-2.68 × 10(1) μg m(-3), 3-5 orders of magnitude higher. While low, concentration surfaces are likely to represent a spatial proxy of other relevant pollutants. There were statistically significant correlations between PM10 and heavy metal compounds (other heavy metals (r = 0.43, p = <0.001)), PAHs (r = 0.20, p = 0.050), and PCBs (r = 0.19, p = 0.022). No clear change points were detected following EU-WID implementation, possibly as incinerators were operating to EU-WID standards before the implementation date. Results will be used in an epidemiological analysis examining potential associations between MWIs and health outcomes.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Environmental Exposures and Health > Physical Hazards and Health (Röösli)
UniBasel Contributors:de Hoogh, Kees
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0013-936X
e-ISSN:1520-5851
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:20 Oct 2017 06:35
Deposited On:20 Oct 2017 06:35

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