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Dependency of Delta-pH-relaxation across vesicular membranes on the buffering power of bulk solutions and lipids

Grzesiek, S. and Dencher, N. A.. (1986) Dependency of Delta-pH-relaxation across vesicular membranes on the buffering power of bulk solutions and lipids. Biophysical journal, Vol. 50, H. 2. pp. 265-276.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258872

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Abstract

The dependency of delta pH-relaxation kinetics across the membrane of sonicated small phospholipid vesicles on the concentration of internally entrapped buffer has been investigated by means of the pH-indicator dye pyranine. A very high contribution of lipid headgroups to the internal buffering power of the liposomes is observed, amounting to an equivalent phosphate buffer concentration of 110 mM. This localized two-dimensional proton/hydroxide ion reservoir must be considered in any determination of the H+/OH- permeability coefficient. Furthermore, it could have significance for energy-transduction across biological membranes. From the established linear relation between delta pH-relaxation rates and buffering power, net H+/OH- permeabilities of 3 X 10(-3) cm/s for soybean phospholipid (SBPL) and 1 X 10(-4) cm/s for diphytanoyl phosphatidylcholine (diphytanoyl PC) vesicles at pH 7.2 as well as buffering powers per lipid molecule of 6 X 10(-2) (pH-unit)-1 (SBPL) and 4 X 10(-2) (pH-unit)-1 (diphytanoyl PC) are calculated. In the case of diphytanoyl PC vesicles, delta pH-decay is accelerated by the presence of chloride ions.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics > Structural Biology (Grzesiek)
UniBasel Contributors:Grzesiek, Stephan
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Biophysical Society
ISSN:0006-3495
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:22
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:30

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