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Crystal structure of human ornithine aminotransferase complexed with the highly specific and potent inhibitor 5-fluoromethylornithine

Storici, P. and Capitani, G. and Müller, R. and Schirmer, T. and Jansonius, J. N.. (1999) Crystal structure of human ornithine aminotransferase complexed with the highly specific and potent inhibitor 5-fluoromethylornithine. Journal of molecular biology, Vol. 285, H. 1. pp. 297-309.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258268

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Abstract

Ornithine aminotransferase (l-ornithine:2-oxoacid delta-aminotransferase; EC 2.6.1.13), a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent mitochondrial enzyme controls the l-ornithine level in tissues by catalyzing the transfer of the delta-amino group of l-ornithine to 2-oxoglutarate, producing l-glutamate- gamma-semialdehyde and l-glutamate. (2S, 5S)-5-Fluoromethylornithine is the only inhibitor exclusively specific for ornithine aminotransferase known to date. Both in vitro and in vivo, it blocks the enzyme by a suicide reaction leading to a covalent adduct with the cofactor. The crystal structure of the enzyme-inhibitor complex was solved at a resolution of 1.95 A. No significant conformational changes compared with the native enzyme structure were observed. The structure reveals the atomic details of the cofactor-inhibitor adduct and its interactions with the active site of the enzyme. The main residues responsible for specific binding of the inhibitor are Arg180, which forms a strong salt bridge with the alpha-carboxylate and Tyr55, which is involved in a short hydrogen bond with the alpha-amino group. The experimental observation that in the racemic mixture, (2S, 5S)-5-fluoromethylornithine is exclusively responsible for the enzyme inhibition can be explained on the basis of the active site topology. Model building studies strongly suggest that the natural substrate l-ornithine, in its external aldimine adduct with the enzyme, makes use of the same recognition site as the inhibitor. It is proposed that the neutralization of the active site Arg413 by a salt bridge with Glu235 also plays an important role in productive binding of both 5-fluoromethylornithine and l-ornithine. Arg180 and Arg413 are believed to be instrumental in recognition of l-glutamate, by binding its gamma and alpha-carboxylate groups, respectively. This requires a different side-chain conformation of Glu235. Lys292 is the only obvious candidate for catalyzing the rate-limiting proton transfer steps in the transamination reaction.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics > Structural Biology (Schirmer)
UniBasel Contributors:Schirmer, Tilman
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-2836
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:07 Aug 2015 12:05
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:30

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