Leakage and lysis of lipid membranes induced by the lipopeptide surfactin

Heerklotz, H. and Seelig, J.. (2007) Leakage and lysis of lipid membranes induced by the lipopeptide surfactin. European Biophysics Journal, 36 (4-5). pp. 305-314.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257378

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Surfactin is a lipopeptide produced by Bacillus subtilis which possesses antimicrobial activity. We have studied the leakage and lysis of POPC vesicles induced by surfactin using calcein fluorescence de-quenching, isothermal titration calorimetry and (31)P solid state NMR. Membrane leakage starts at a surfactin-to-lipid ratio in the membrane, R (b) approximately 0.05, and an aqueous surfactin concentration of C (S) (w) approximately 2 microM. The transient, graded nature of leakage and the apparent coupling with surfactin translocation to the inner leaflet of the vesicles, suggests that this low-concentration effect is due to a bilayer-couple mechanism. Different permeabilization behaviour is found at R (b) approximately 0.15 and attributed to surfactin-rich clusters, which can induce leaks and stabilize them by covering their hydrophobic edges. Membrane lysis or solubilization to micellar structures starts at R (b) (sat) = 0.22 and C (S) (w) = 9 microM and is completed at R (m) (sol) = 0.43 and C (S) (w) = 11 microM. The membrane-water partition coefficient of surfactin is obtained as K = 2 x 10(4) M(-1). These data resolve inconsistencies in the literature and shed light on the variety of effects often referred to as detergent-like effects of antibiotic peptides on membranes. The results are compared with published parameters characterizing the hemolytic and antibacterial activity.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Nov 2017 11:03
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:30

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