Drug targeting using OX7-immunoliposomes: Correlation between Thy1.1 antigen expression and tissue distribution in the rat

Tuffin, Gérald and Huwyler, Jörg and Waelti, Ernst and Hammer, Caroline and Marti, Hans-Peter. (2008) Drug targeting using OX7-immunoliposomes: Correlation between Thy1.1 antigen expression and tissue distribution in the rat. Journal of Drug Targeting, 16 (2). pp. 156-166.

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OX7 monoclonal antibody F((ab')2) fragments directed against Thy1.1 antigen can be used for drug targeting by coupling to the surface of drug-loaded liposomes. Such OX7-conjugated immunoliposomes (OX7-IL) were used recently for drug delivery to rat glomerular mesangial cells, which are characterized by a high level of Thy1.1 antigen expression. In the present study, the relationship between OX7-IL tissue distribution and target Thy1.1 antigen localization in different organs in rat was investigated. Western blot and immunohistofluorescence analysis revealed a very high Thy1.1 expression in brain cortex and striatum, thymus and renal glomeruli. Moderate Thy1.1 levels were observed in the collecting ducts of kidney, lung tissue and spleen. Thy1.1 was not detected in liver and heart. There was a poor correlation between Thy1.1 expression levels and organ distribution of fluorescence- or (14)C-labeled OX7-IL. The highest overall organ density of OX7-IL was observed in the spleen, followed by lung, liver and kidney. Heart and brain remained negative. With respect to intra-organ distribution, a localized and distinct signal was observed in renal glomerular mesangial cells only. As a consequence, acute pharmacological (i.e. toxic) effects of doxorubicin-loaded OX7-IL were limited to renal glomeruli. The competition with unbound OX7 monoclonal antibody F((ab')2) fragments demonstrated that the observed tissue distribution and acute pharmacological effects of OX7-IL were mediated specifically by the conjugated OX7 antibody. It is concluded that both the high target antigen density and the absence of endothelial barriers are needed to allow for tissue-specific accumulation and pharmacological effects of OX7-IL. The liposomal drug delivery strategy used is therefore specific toward renal glomeruli and can be expected to reduce the risk of unwanted side effects in other tissues.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Pharmaceutical Technology (Huwyler)
UniBasel Contributors:Huwyler, Jörg
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:28 Nov 2017 10:25
Deposited On:28 Nov 2017 10:25

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