edoc

Exploring simple ancillary ligands in copper-based dye-sensitized solar cells: effects of a heteroatom switch and of co-sensitization

Malzner, F. J. and Prescimone, A. and Constable, E. C. and Housecroft, C. E. and Willgert, M.. (2017) Exploring simple ancillary ligands in copper-based dye-sensitized solar cells: effects of a heteroatom switch and of co-sensitization. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5 (9). pp. 4671-4685.

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
7Mb

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/54559/

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

The copper( I ) complexes [Cu(1) 2 ][PF 6 ], [Cu(2) 2 ][PF 6 ], [Cu(3) 2 ][PF 6 ] and [Cu(4) 2 ][PF 6 ] (1 . 2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)- 6-methylpyridine, 2 . 2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)oxazole, 3 . 2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)thiazole and 4 . 2- methyl-6-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)pyridine) are reported. The crystal structures of [Cu(2) 2 ][PF 6 ]$ 0.5CH 2 Cl 2 and [Cu(3) 2 ][PF 6 ] confirm N,N 0 -chelation modes for 2 and 3, and tetrahedral copper( I ). In the solution absorption spectra, the MLCT band shifts to lower energy with a change in heteroatom (O, 424 nm; NH, 435 nm; NMe, 446 nm; S, 465 nm). [Cu(1) 2 ][PF 6 ] and [Cu(4) 2 ][PF 6 ] undergo copper-centred oxidative processes at lower potential than the complexes with O or S heteroatoms. Heteroleptic complexes [Cu(5)(L)] + (5 . ((6,6 0 -dimethyl-[2,2 0 -bipyridine]-4,4 0 -diyl)bis(4,1-phenylene)bis(phosphonic acid)), L . 1–4) were assembled on FTO/TiO 2 electrodes. The shift in the MLCT band (O NH < NMe < S) in the solid-state absorption spectra of the dye-functionalized electrodes parallels that of solution. The photoconversion efficiencies (h) of masked, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) containing [Cu(5)(L)] + (L . 1– 4) dyes and an I/I 3 redox shuttle follow the order [Cu(5)(1)] + (3.03%) > [Cu(5)(3)] + (2.88%) > [Cu(5)(4)] + (2.71%) > [Cu(5)(2)] + (2.62%) relative to 7.55% for N719. Ancillary ligand 1 (with NH) leads to the highest open-circuit voltage (V OC . 608 mV) whilst 3 (S-heteroatom) gives the highest short-circuit current density (J SC . 7.76 mA cm 2 ). The performances of [Cu(5)(1)] + and [Cu(5)(3)] + are understood with the aid of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The DSC with [Cu(5)(1)] + exhibits a high chemical capacitance (C m ) and a low recombination resistance (R rec ); since the latter is offset by a low transport resistance (R tr ), a high J SC and V OC are observed for [Cu(5)(1)] + . DSCs with [Cu(5)(3)] + have the lowest R tr of all four devices. The performance of DSCs sensitized by a combination of [Cu(5)(1)] + and [Cu(5)(3)] + were assessed in order to capitalize upon the high V OC of [Cu(5)(1)] + and the high J SC of [Cu(5)(3)] + . After FTO/ TiO 2 functionalization with anchor 5, the electrodes were treated with a 1 : 1 mix of [Cu(5)(1)] + and [Cu(5)(3)] + or sequentially with [Cu(5)(3)] + then [Cu(5)(1)] + , or [Cu(5)(1)] + then [Cu(5)(3)] + . The DSC performances and the EIS parameters are consistent with competition between 1 and 3 for surface binding-sites; 1 dominates over 3, both in binding and in contribution to the overall photoresponse.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Constable)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Housecroft)
UniBasel Contributors:Housecroft, Catherine Elizabeth and Malzner, Frederik Jürgen and Willgert, Markus and Prescimone, Alessandro
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:2050-7488
e-ISSN:2050-7496
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:23 Feb 2018 14:35
Deposited On:09 Mar 2017 12:45

Repository Staff Only: item control page