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Ultra-fast spectroscopy on single self-assembled quantum dots with rapid adiabatic passage

Kaldewey, Timo. Ultra-fast spectroscopy on single self-assembled quantum dots with rapid adiabatic passage. 2016, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_12140

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Abstract

Self-assembled semiconductor quantum dots are often referred to as artificial atoms. They are bright single photon sources implemented in an environment easier scalable then implementations with single atoms. These properties promote quantum dots as promising candidates for quantum information technology. A high fidelity state preparation reduces the error rate in quantum information protocols and is hence an essential requirement.
In this thesis the technique of rapid adiabatic passage is implemented with ultra-fast pulse parameters and is used to study single self-assembled quantum dots by detecting the resonance fluorescence signal following an optical excitation. Different experimental schemes provide insights into different aspects of a quantum dot and its environment.
The negative trion transition in a single quantum dot represents a good approach to creating an ideal two-level system. With this two-level system, the interaction of the electron trapped in the QD and phonons in the host material is studied with a single chirped pulse. Measuring the resonance fluorescence response of the quantum dot as a function of the pulse area for a set of chirp parameters reveals the electron-phonon interaction. Phonons in the semiconductor environment are a source of decoherence. The non-monotonic behaviour of the coupling to phonons is experimentally demonstrated. Furthermore, a decoupling regime where the electron oscillation is too fast for phonons to follow is reached. A high fidelity state preparation with a vanishing coupling to phonons is demonstrated. Experimental results are affirmed with an excellent agreement with simulations.
In another scheme, a three-level system consisting of the crystal ground state of the quantum dot, the neutral exciton and the biexciton is investigated. The goal in this experiment is a coherent, resonant and high fidelity preparation of a biexciton state robust against system parameter fluctuations. A biexciton in a semiconductor quantum dot is a source of polarization-entangled photons with high potential for implementation in scalable systems. An excitation with chirped pulses applying the technique of rapid adiabatic passage is the key for the biexciton preparation scheme. In contrast to other state of the art techniques, an interaction with phonons is here intentionally minimized reducing the dephasing and maintaining at the same time a robustness with respect to pulse area and detuning. A fidelity close to one is reached over a pulse area range of more than π. Also in this case, the interpretation of the experiment is confirmed by an excellent agreement with simulations which include a microscopic coupling to phonons.
In a third experiment, a sequence of two chirped pulses with different point spread functions is used to overcome the diffraction limit in spectroscopy. A universal technique - optical nanoscopy via quantum control - to perform diffraction-unlimited spectroscopy on two-level systems is presented. A model for simulating the system is developed and gives a prediction for the expected spatial resolution as a function of the pulse parameters. The concept is demonstrated and the prediction is fulfilled on self-assembled semiconductor quantum dots. A resolution down to 30 nm with an excitation wavelength of 950 nm is reached.
Advisors:Warburton, Richard and Fox, Mark
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Experimental Physics (Warburton)
UniBasel Contributors:Kaldewey, Timo
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:12140
Thesis status:Complete
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:1 Online-Ressource (IX, 97 Seiten)
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:22 Jan 2018 15:52
Deposited On:22 May 2017 07:46

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