Genotyping the butyrylcholinesterase in patients with prolonged neuromuscular block after succinylcholine

Levano, Soledad and Ginz, Hans and Siegemund, Martin and Filipovic, Miodrag and Voronkov, Evgueni and Urwyler, Albert and Girard, Thierry. (2005) Genotyping the butyrylcholinesterase in patients with prolonged neuromuscular block after succinylcholine. Anesthesiology, 102 (3). pp. 531-535.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/54309/

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Succinylcholine remains the standard neuromuscular blocking drug for tracheal intubation in emergency situations. The short duration of action is due to its rapid hydrolytic degradation by butyrylcholinesterase (plasmacholinesterase). Multiple variants of this enzyme are known (A, F, S, H, J, K variants) with different effects on enzyme activity. This study was undertaken to evaluate the use of molecular genetic methods in patients with clinically prolonged neuromuscular block.; Nine patients with a neuromuscular block of 14 min to 5 h were selected. All four exons of the butyrylcholinesterase were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and analyzed by automated sequencing. Molecular genetic results were compared with clinical relaxation time and with biochemical test results (total butyrylcholinesterase activity, dibucaine and fluoride inhibition).; Seven of nine patients were mutation carriers. Five of these had more than one mutation. The A and K variants were the most frequent variations. Three of four patients who were homozygous for the A variant were also carriers of the K allele. The authors identified one novel mutation (G1294T) introducing a stop codon at amino acid position 432. The duration of neuromuscular block was substantially different between patients with identical butyrylcholinesterase genotypes.; Variations in the genetic sequence of butyrylcholinesterase are frequent in patients with prolonged duration of action of succinylcholine. Direct sequencing of the whole butyrylcholinesterase gene is an appropriate method for genotyping and, accordingly, should be used in future clinical studies with drugs metabolized by this enzyme (e.g., succinylcholine, mivacurium).
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Anästhesiologie > Anästhesiologie (Steiner)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Anästhesiologie > Anästhesiologie (Steiner)
UniBasel Contributors:Siegemund, Martin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:17 Nov 2017 14:46
Deposited On:17 Nov 2017 14:45

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