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Inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibition improves intestinal microcirculatory oxygenation and CO2 balance during endotoxemia in pigs

Siegemund, Martin and van Bommel, Jasper and Schwarte, Lothar A. and Studer, Wolfgang and Girard, Thierry and Marsch, Stephan and Radermacher, Peter and Ince, Can. (2005) Inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibition improves intestinal microcirculatory oxygenation and CO2 balance during endotoxemia in pigs. Intensive Care Medicine, 31 (7). pp. 985-992.

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Abstract

We examined whether selective inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) promotes intestinal microvascular oxygenation (microPO2) and CO2 off-load after endotoxic shock.; Prospective, controlled experimental study in a university animal research laboratory.; 13 domestic pigs.; After baseline measurements shock was induced by 1 microg kg-1 h-1 endotoxin until mean arterial pressure fell below 60 mmHg. After 30 min in shock the animals were resuscitated with either fluid alone (control, n=6) or fluid and the iNOS inhibitor N-[3-(aminomethyl)benzyl]acetamidine hydrochloride (1400W, n=7). As final experimental intervention all animals received the nonselective NOS inhibitor L-NAME.; Systemic and regional hemodynamic and oxygenation parameters were measured at baseline, during endotoxemia and shock, hourly for 3 h of 1400W therapy, and 30 min after the final L-NAME administration. microPO2 was assessed by the Pd-porphyrin phosphorescence technique, and the arterial to intestinal PCO2 gap was determined by air tonometry. Endotoxemia and shock resulted in a decrease in ileal mucosal and serosal microPO2 and a rise in PCO2 gap. The combination of 1400W and fluid resuscitation, but not fluid alone, normalized both the serosal microPO2 and the intestinal PCO2 gap. Administration of L-NAME decreased cardiac output and oxygen delivery and intestinal microPO2 and blood flow in both groups.; Partial blockade of NO production by 1400W increased serosal microvascular oxygenation and decreased the intestinal CO2 gap. This findings are consistent with the idea that 1400W corrects pathological flow distribution and regional dysoxia within the intestinal wall following endotoxic shock.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Anästhesiologie > Anästhesiologie (Steiner)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Anästhesiologie > Anästhesiologie (Steiner)
UniBasel Contributors:Siegemund, Martin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0342-4642
e-ISSN:1432-1238
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:27 Nov 2017 07:53
Deposited On:27 Nov 2017 07:53

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