Effects of slackline training on balance, jump performance & muscle activity in young children

Donath, L. and Roth, R. and Rueegge, A. and Groppa, M. and Zahner, L. and Faude, O.. (2013) Effects of slackline training on balance, jump performance & muscle activity in young children. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34 (12). pp. 1093-1098.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/54151/

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The study investigated the effects of slackline training (rope balancing) on balance, jump performance and muscle activity in children. Two primary-school classes (intervention, n=21, INT: age: 10.1 (SD 0.4) y, weight: 33.1 (4.5) kg; control, n=13, CON: age: 10.0 (SD 0.4) y, weight: 34.7 (7.4) kg) participated. Training was performed within 6 weeks, 5 times per week for 10 min each day. Balance (static and dynamic stance), countermovement jumps, reverse balancing on beams (3, 4.5 and 6 cm width), slackline standing (single- and double-limb) and electromyographic activity (soleus, gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior) were examined. INT significantly improved single- and double-limb slackline standing (double limb: 5.1 (3.4) s-17.2 (14.4) s; right leg: 8.2 (5.8) s-38.3 (36.0) s; left leg: 10.6 (5.8) s-49.0 (56.3) s; p<0.001; 0.17<ηp²<0.22). Reduced left-leg dynamic sway (-20.8%, p=0.06, ηp²=0.10), improved 4.5 cm balancing (+18.5%, p=0.08, ηp²=0.10) and decreased muscle activity during slackline standing for the mm. soleus (-23%, p=0.10, ηp²=0.18) and tibialis anterior (-26%, p=0.15, ηp²=0.14) was observed for INT. Jump performance remained unchanged (p=0.28, ηp²=0.04). In conclusion, daily slackline training results in large slackline-specific balance improvements. Transfer effects to static and dynamic stance, reverse balancing or jumping performance seemed to be restricted.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Bewegungs- und Trainingswissenschaft > Trainingswissenschaften (Zahner)
UniBasel Contributors:Zahner, Lukas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:09 Oct 2017 07:12
Deposited On:09 Oct 2017 07:12

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