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Combined impact of negative lifestyle factors on cardiovascular risk in children: a randomized prospective study

Meyer, Ursina and Schindler, Christian and Bloesch, Tamara and Schmocker, Eliane and Zahner, Lukas and Puder, Jardena J. and Kriemler, Susi. (2014) Combined impact of negative lifestyle factors on cardiovascular risk in children: a randomized prospective study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55 (6). pp. 790-795.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/54143/

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Abstract

Negative lifestyle factors are known to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk (CVR) in children, but research on their combined impact on a general population of children is sparse. Therefore, we aimed to quantify the combined impact of easily assessable negative lifestyle factors on the CVR scores of randomly selected children after 4 years.; Of the 540 randomly selected 6- to 13-year-old children, 502 children participated in a baseline health assessment, and 64% were assessed again after 4 years. Measures included anthropometry, fasting blood samples, and a health assessment questionnaire. Participants scored one point for each negative lifestyle factor at baseline: overweight; physical inactivity; high media consumption; little outdoor time; skipping breakfast; and having a parent who has ever smoked, is inactive, or overweight. A CVR score at follow-up was constructed by averaging sex- and age-related z-scores of waist circumference, blood pressure, glucose, inverted high-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides.; The age-, sex-, pubertal stage-, and social class-adjusted probabilities (95% confidence interval) for being in the highest CVR score tertile at follow-up for children who had at most one (n = 48), two (n = 64), three (n = 56), four (n = 41), or five or more (n = 14) risky lifestyle factors were 15.4% (8.9-25.3), 24.3% (17.4-32.8), 36.0% (28.6-44.2), 49.8% (38.6-61.0), and 63.5% (47.2-77.2), respectively.; Even in childhood, an accumulation of negative lifestyle factors is associated with higher CVR scores after 4 years. These negative lifestyle factors are easy to assess in clinical practice and allow early detection and prevention of CVR in childhood.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Bewegungs- und Trainingswissenschaft > Trainingswissenschaften (Zahner)
UniBasel Contributors:Zahner, Lukas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1054-139X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:06 Oct 2017 08:23
Deposited On:06 Oct 2017 08:23

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