Calcium binding to mixed phosphatidylglycerol-phosphatidylcholine bilayers as studied by deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance

Macdonald, P. M. and Seelig, J.. (1987) Calcium binding to mixed phosphatidylglycerol-phosphatidylcholine bilayers as studied by deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance. Biochemistry, Vol. 26, H. 5. pp. 1231-1240.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257491

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The binding of calcium to bilayer membranes composed of mixtures, in various proportions, of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) plus 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol (POPG) was investigated by using atomic absorption spectroscopy and deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance. The number of bound calcium ions, X2, was determined in the low calcium concentration range (up to 100 mM) via atomic absorption spectroscopy. Simultaneous measurements of the deuterium magnetic resonance spectra of POPC, specifically deuteriated at the alpha-methylene segment of the choline head group, revealed a linear relationship between the quadrupole splitting, delta vQ, and X2 for each particular proportion of POPC-POPG. The amount of bound calcium was then determined at much greater calcium concentrations, where the atomic absorption spectroscopy measurements were unreliable, using deuterium magnetic resonance. At low Ca2+ concentrations, the amount of bound Ca2+ increased linearly with increasing proportion of POPG, demonstrating an electrostatic contribution to Ca2+ binding. At high Ca2+ concentrations, the calcium binding isotherms exhibited saturation behavior with a maximum binding capacity of 0.5 Ca2+ and 1.0 Ca2+ per phospholipid for pure POPC and mixtures of POPC-POPG, respectively. Simultaneous deuteriation of POPG and POPC showed that both lipids remained in a fluidlike lipid bilayer at all Ca2+ concentrations tested. Any phase separation of quasi-crystalline Ca2+-POPG clusters could be excluded. The residence time of Ca2+ at an individual head group binding site was shorter than 10(-6)-10(-5) s. Thus, Ca2+ ions accumulate near the negatively charged POPG-POPC membrane surface but move freely in a "trough" of the electrical potential. The effective surface charge density, sigma, could be determined from the measured amount of bound Ca2+. Subsequently, the surface potential, psi 0, and the concentration of free Ca2+ ions at the plane of ion binding could be calculated by employing the Gouy-Chapman theory. The availability of these parameters allowed a rigorous evaluation of various models for the chemical contribution to Ca2+ binding. For mixed POPC-POPG bilayers, a simple Langmuir adsorption model yielded the best fit to the experimental data, and the binding constants were 19.5 and 18.8 M-1 for POPG contents of 20 and 50 mol %, respectively. Sodium binding was comparatively weak with a binding constant of 0.6-0.85 M-1.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:22
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:30

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