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Topological phases of inhomogeneous superconductivity

Hoffman, S. and Klinovaja, J. and Loss, D.. (2016) Topological phases of inhomogeneous superconductivity. Physical Review B, 93 (16). p. 5418.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/53461/

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Abstract

We theoretically consider the effect of a spatially periodic modulation of the superconducting order parameter on the formation of Majorana fermions induced by a one-dimensional system with magnetic impurities brought into close proximity to an s-wave superconductor. When the magnetic exchange energy is larger than the inter-impurity electron hopping we model the effective system as a chain of coupled Shiba states, while in the opposite regime, the effective system is accurately described by a quantum wire model. Upon including a spatially modulated superconducting pairing, we find, for sufficiently large magnetic exchange energy, that the system is able to support a single pair of Majorana fermions with one Majorana fermion on the left end of the system and one on the right end. When the modulation of superconductivity is large compared to the magnetic exchange energy, the Shiba chain returns to a trivially gapped regime while the quantum wire enters a new topological phase capable of supporting two pairs of Majorana fermions.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretical Nano/Quantum Physics (Klinovaja)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Mesoscopics (Loss)
UniBasel Contributors:Loss, Daniel and Klinovaja, Jelena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:2469-9950
e-ISSN:2469-9969
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 May 2017 10:57
Deposited On:15 Feb 2017 14:06

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