Proliferative kidney disease in Switzerland: Current state of knowledge

Wahli, T. and Knuesel, R. and Bernet, D. and Segner, H. and Pugovkin, D. and Burkhardt-Holm, P. and Escher, M. and Schmidt-Posthaus, H.. (2002) Proliferative kidney disease in Switzerland: Current state of knowledge. Journal of Fish Disease, 25 (8). pp. 491-500.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/52973/

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This study presents an overview of the distribution of proliferative kidney disease (PKD) in wild and farmed fish in Switzerland based on two sources: (1) the results of routine diagnostic work at the National Fish Disease Laboratory, and (2) the results of a country-wide survey for PKD. The first case of PKD in Switzerland was diagnosed in 1979 and since 1981, a few cases have been found every year. Affected species were rainbow trout, brown trout and grayling from rivers and fish farms. Most of the diseased fish were found in the lower altitude regions of the country (Swiss midlands). A seasonal distribution of the cases was evident: PKD-positive fish occurred only from June to November withprominent peaks in August and September. Among infected fish all length classes were present, but the highest numbers of affected fish were found in the length classes <10 cm and 16–20 cm. The evaluation of the samples from a survey of the occurrence of PKD in 2000/2001 revealed a much broader geographical distribution of the infection than expected from routine diagnostic observations. Fish from 56 of 139 rivers analysed by histological examination were positive for parasites. Fish from 131 of these sites were examined macroscopically. Of these, trout from 45 sites showed gross alterations indicative for PKD. Most of the positive fish were found in the Swiss midlands north of the Alps. Fish from six of 65 fish farms investigated were found to be PKD-positive by histopathological analysis, and in four of these cases fish could be identified as infected on the basis of gross examination.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science
UniBasel Contributors:Holm, Patricia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:05 Dec 2017 13:21
Deposited On:05 Dec 2017 13:21

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