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Characterisation of environmental estrogens in river water using a three pronged approach: active and passive water sampling and the analysis of accumulated estrogens in the bile of caged fish

Vermeirssen, E. L. M. and Körner, O. and Schönenberger, R. and Suter, M. J. F. and Burkhardt-Holm, P.. (2005) Characterisation of environmental estrogens in river water using a three pronged approach: active and passive water sampling and the analysis of accumulated estrogens in the bile of caged fish. Environmental Science and Technology, 39 (21). pp. 8191-8198.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/52968/

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Abstract

Estrogenicity of river water is highly variable and it is difficult to obtain an average measure of the estrogenicity. Consequently it is difficult to tie the estrogenic effects observed in fish to their level of exposure to estrogens . To get a better handle on average estrogenic exposure we tested a recently developed passive sampling system (polar organic chemical integrative sampler, POCIS). In addition, we investigated the bioaccumulation of estrogens in caged brown trout and measured plasma vitellogenin in males as a bioindicator of estrogenic effects.We developed a mini-caging method to suit the hydrological conditions in small rivers and to improve upon the often poor survival of salmonids in caging trials. POCISs were positioned upstream and downstream of 5 sewage treatment works' discharges and left on site for 3 weeks (as were the caged fish ), during which period 3 water grab samples were taken at each site. Concentrations of estrogens were determined using a yeast-based reporter gene assay and chemical analysis . Results from grab sampling , passive sampling , and bioaccumulation were correlated; however, plasma vitellogenin concentrations were elevated at only I of 5 sites. POCISs provide an integrated and biologically meaningful measure of estrogenicity in that they accumulate estrogens in a pattern similar to that of brown trout. Minicaging appears a significant methodological advance; no fish were lost, moreover, all fish survived in excellent health.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science
UniBasel Contributors:Holm, Patricia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0013-936X
e-ISSN:1520-5851
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:11 Dec 2017 08:19
Deposited On:11 Dec 2017 08:19

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