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Use of Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors, Other Analgesics, and Risk of Glioma

Seliger, Corinna and Meier, Christoph R. and Becker, Claudia and Jick, Susan S. and Bogdahn, Ulrich and Hau, Peter and Leitzmann, Michael F.. (2016) Use of Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors, Other Analgesics, and Risk of Glioma. PLoS ONE, 11 (2). e0149293.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/52434/

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Abstract

Selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors are analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory drugs. They have been found to inhibit the development of glioma in laboratory investigations. Whether these drugs reduce the risk of glioma incidence in humans is unknown.; We conducted a matched case-control analysis using the U.K.-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD). We identified 2,469 cases matched to 24,690 controls on age, sex, calendar time, general practice, and number of years of active history in the CPRD prior to the index date. We conducted conditional logistic regression analyses to determine relative risks, estimated as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of glioma in relation to use of selective COX-2 inhibitors, adjusted for several confounding variables.; Use of selective COX-2 inhibitors was unrelated to risk of glioma (adjusted OR for 1-9 versus 0 prescriptions = 1.02; 95% CI = 0.92-1.13, 10-29 versus 0 prescriptions = 1.01; 95% CI = 0.80-1.28, ≥30 versus 0 prescriptions = 1.16; 95% CI = 0.86-1.55). Trends for increasing numbers of prescriptions for other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and non-NSAID analgesics were also not associated with glioma risk.; Further epidemiologic studies are needed to confirm the null relation of use of selective COX-2 inhibitors to glioma risk and to explain the discrepancy between laboratory investigations and our observational study.; Use of selective COX-2 inhibitors is unrelated to glioma risk.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Klinische Pharmazie/Spitalpharmazie (Meier)
UniBasel Contributors:Meier, Christoph R.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Public Library of Science
e-ISSN:1932-6203
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:31 Aug 2018 06:32
Deposited On:25 Oct 2017 12:34

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