# Nanosensors for cancer detection

Huber, Francois and Lang, Hans Peter and Zhang, Jiayun and Rimoldi, Donata and Gerber, Christoph. (2015) Nanosensors for cancer detection. Swiss Medical Weekly, 145. w14092.

Cancer is a major burden in todays society and one of the leading causes of death in industrialised countries. Various avenues for the detection of cancer exist, most of which rely on standard methods, such as histology, ELISA, and PCR. Here we put the focus on nanomechanical biosensors derived from atomic force microscopy cantilevers. The versatility of this novel technology has been demonstrated in different applications and in some ways surpasses current technologies, such as microarray, quartz crystal microbalance and surface plasmon resonance. The technology enables label free biomarker detection without the necessity of target amplification in a total cellular background, such as BRAF mutation analysis in malignant melanoma. A unique application of the cantilever array format is the analysis of conformational dynamics of membrane proteins associated to surface stress changes. Another development is characterisation of exhaled breath which allows assessment of a patients condition in a non-invasive manner.