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The effects of resource availability and relationship status on women's preference for facial masculinity in men: An eye-tracking study

Lyons, M. and Marcinkowska, U. and Moisey, V. and Burriss, R. P. and Harrison, N.. (2016) The effects of resource availability and relationship status on women's preference for facial masculinity in men: An eye-tracking study. Personality and Individual Differences, 95. pp. 25-28.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/51872/

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Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that perceived availability of environmental resources affects the mate choice of females. However, it is unclear whether women's partnership status influences the effects of environmental circumstances on masculinity preference. Further, the role of environmental scarcity on women's gaze patterns when evaluating male faces has not been investigated. The current study investigated how relationship status and environmental factors affected women's gaze patterns and preference towards masculinised and feminised male faces. Twenty-two participants in a long-term romantic relationship, and 26 who were single, were primed with either a high (‘wealthy’) or low (‘scarcity’) resource availability scenario. They then completed a facial masculinity/femininity preference task while eye-gaze behaviour was measured. Women in a relationship (but not single women) had an increased preference towards masculine faces in the scarcity condition, compared to the wealthy condition; this preference was also reflected in eye gaze behaviour. In contrast, single women had longer first fixations on feminine rather than masculine faces when evaluating them as long-term partners in the wealthy condition, but no overt preference for either face type. These findings reveal the importance of taking women's relationship status into account in investigations of the role of environmental influences on masculinity preferences.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie > Entwicklungs- und Persönlichkeitspsychologie (Grob)
UniBasel Contributors:Burriss, Robert P.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0191-8869
e-ISSN:1873-3549
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Oct 2017 09:02
Deposited On:30 Oct 2017 09:02

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