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Effects of a V1-vasopressin antagonist on ACTH release following vasopressin infusion or insulin-induced hypoglycemia in normal men

Hader, O. and Bahr, V. and Hensen, J. and Hofbauer, K. G. and Oelkers, W. K.. (1990) Effects of a V1-vasopressin antagonist on ACTH release following vasopressin infusion or insulin-induced hypoglycemia in normal men. Acta Endocrinologica, Vol. 123, H. 6. pp. 622-628.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258628

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Abstract

Experimental evidence indicates that arginine vasopressin contributes to the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone under certain conditions. We studied for the first time the AVP antagonist [d(CH2)5 Tyr(Me)AVP] in 6 normal men in order to evaluate the possible role of AVP as an ACTH-releasing hormone during insulin-induced hypoglycemia. To test the agent's capacity to inhibit an ACTH release by exogenous AVP, we compared the ACTH response to an infusion of 300 ng AVP/min a. 30 min after injection of 5 micrograms/kg of the antagonist, b. after injection of placebo (0.9% NaCl). Plasma ACTH levels during AVP infusion rose from 17.2 +/- 1.6 ng/l (3.8 +/- 0.35 pmol/l) to 31.7 +/- 4.2 ng/l (7.0 +/- 0.92 pmol/l) at 40 min after injection of the antagonist, the difference to the control-group (increment from 16.5 +/- 1.2 ng/l (3.6 +/- 0.26 pmol/l) to 41.8 +/- 3.5 ng/l) (9.2 +/- 0.77 pmol/l) being significant (p less than 0.05). Peak plasma cortisol levels were 323 +/- 42 and 529 +/- 52 nmol/l, respectively (p less than 0.05). We then tested the compound in the same subjects during an insulin-induced hypoglycemia; 30 min after administration of 10 micrograms/kg of the AVP antagonist or placebo, all subjects received 0.12 IU/kg of normal insulin, thus inducing a fall of blood glucose levels below 2 mmol/l. The AVP antagonist caused a moderate but insignificant reduction of the rise in plasma ACTH and a slightly greater, significant reduction of the increment in plasma cortisol (350 +/- 19 nmol/l with antagonist and 469 +/- 90 nmol/l with placebo, p less than 0.05) during insulin-induced hypoglycemia.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hofbauer)
UniBasel Contributors:Hofbauer, Karl G.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Periodica
ISSN:0001-5598
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:22
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:29

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