Acute hemodynamic effect of a vascular antagonist of vasopressin in patients with congestive heart failure

Nicod, P. and Waeber, B. and Bussien, J. P. and Goy, J. J. and Turini, G. and Nussberger, J. and Hofbauer, K. G. and Brunner, H. R.. (1985) Acute hemodynamic effect of a vascular antagonist of vasopressin in patients with congestive heart failure. The American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 55, H. 8. pp. 1043-1047.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258661

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To assess the role of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in congestive heart failure (CHF), 10 patients with CHF refractory to conventional treatment were studied before and 60 minutes after intravenous administration of 5 micrograms/kg of d(CH2)5Tyr(Me)AVP, a specific antagonist of AVP at the vascular receptor level. Heart rate, systemic arterial pressure, pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, cardiac index by thermodilution and cutaneous blood flow by laser-Doppler technique were measured. In 9 patients with no significant hemodynamic and cutaneous blood flow response to the AVP antagonist, baseline values (mean +/- standard deviation) were: heart rate, 77 +/- 14 beats/min; systemic arterial pressure, 120/79 +/- 18/8 mm Hg; pulmonary arterial pressure, 42/21 +/- 12/8 mm Hg; pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, 19 +/- 7 mm Hg; cardiac index, 2.2 +/- 0.6 liters/min/m2; plasma AVP, 2.3 +/- 0.8 pg/ml; and plasma osmolality, 284 +/- 14 mosm/kg H2O. The tenth patient had the most severe CHF. His plasma AVP level was 55 pg/ml and plasma osmolality was 290 mosm/kg. He responded to the AVP antagonist with a decrease in systemic arterial pressure from 115/61 to 79/41 mm Hg, in pulmonary arterial pressure from 58/31 to 33/13 mm Hg and in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure from 28 to 15 mm Hg. Simultaneously, cardiac index increased from 1.1 to 2.2 liters/min/m2 and heart rate from 113 to 120 beats/min; cutaneous blood flow increased 5-fold.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hofbauer)
UniBasel Contributors:Hofbauer, Karl G.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier Science
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:22
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:29

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