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When easy comes hard: the development of adaptive strategy selection

Mata, Rui and von Helversen, Bettina and Rieskamp, Jörg. (2011) When easy comes hard: the development of adaptive strategy selection. Child Development, 82 (2). pp. 687-700.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/51093/

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Abstract

Can children learn to select the right strategy for a given problem? In one experiment, 9- to 10-year-olds (N = 50), 11- to 12-year-olds (N = 50), and adults (N = 50) made probabilistic inferences. Participants encountered environments favoring either an information-intensive strategy that integrates all available information or an information-frugal strategy that relies only on the most valid pieces of information. Nine- to 10-year-olds but not older children or adults had more difficulties learning to select an information-frugal strategy than an information-intensive strategy. This counterintuitive finding is explained by children's less developed ability to selectively attend to relevant information, an ability that seems to develop during late childhood. The results suggest that whether a strategy can be considered "easy" depends on the development of specific cognitive abilities.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Entscheidungspsychologie > Cognitive and Decision Sciences (Mata)
UniBasel Contributors:Mata, Rui
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0009-3920
e-ISSN:1467-8624
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Nov 2017 09:33
Deposited On:30 Nov 2017 09:33

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