The role of vowel phonotactics in native speech segmentation

Skoruppa, Katrin and Nevins, Andrew and Gillard, Adam and Rosen, Stuart. (2015) The role of vowel phonotactics in native speech segmentation. Journal of Phonetics, 49. pp. 67-76.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/50763/

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Numerous studies have shown that listeners can use phonological cues such as word stress and consonant clusters to find word boundaries in fluent speech. This paper investigates whether they can also use language-specific restrictions on vowel positioning for native speech segmentation. We show that English adults can exploit the fact that typical English words do not end in a lax vowel (e.g. [*di:t upsilon]) in order to segment unknown words in a nonsense phrase-picture matching task, in contrast to the null results in prior studies using lexical tasks. However, they only used this cue in quiet listening conditions, and not in the presence of background noise. Thus, like consonant clusters, the lax vowel constraint is vulnerable in adverse listening conditions.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaften > Fachbereich Deutsche Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft > Kognitive Linguistik und Spracherwerbsforschung (Behrens, dt. Sprachw.)
UniBasel Contributors:Skoruppa, Katrin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Academic Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:25 Mar 2019 15:37
Deposited On:25 Mar 2019 15:37

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