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Causal effects in psychotherapy: Counterfactuals counteract overgeneralization

Höfler, M. and Gloster, A. T. and Hoyer, J.. (2010) Causal effects in psychotherapy: Counterfactuals counteract overgeneralization. Psychotherapy Research, 20 (6). pp. 668-679.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/48943/

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Abstract

Causal inference of psychotherapy effects is usually based on the theory of internal and external validity. The authors argue that as an inductive strategy it often leads to overgeneralization because it promotes neglect of specific clinical boundary conditions (such as practically relevant combinations of treatments, settings, patients, and therapists). Adding the counterfactual conceptualization of causal effects counteracts overgeneralization by considering individuals at a fixed time under two possible treatment conditions as basic units of a causal effect. Consequently, causal effects are regarded as varying in nature as local pieces of a global theory. The authors outline the main deductions from the counterfactual conceptualization with regard to understanding causality, average effects, bias, and study design and address some controversies in psychotherapy research.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Gloster, Andrew
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Routledge
ISSN:1050-3307
e-ISSN:1468-4381
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:15 Jan 2018 10:37
Deposited On:15 Jan 2018 10:37

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