Beyond procedure's content: Cognitive subjective experiences in procedural justice judgments

Greifeneder, Rainer and Müller, Patrick and Stahlberg, Dagmar and Van den Bos, Kees and Bless, Herbert. (2011) Beyond procedure's content: Cognitive subjective experiences in procedural justice judgments. Experimental Psychology, 58 (5). pp. 341-352.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/48788/

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Procedural justice concerns play a critical role in economic settings, politics, and other domains of human life. Despite the vast evidence corroborating their relevance, considerably less is known about how procedural justice judgments are formed. Whereas earlier theorizing focused on the systematic integration of content information, the present contribution provides a new perspective on the formation of justice judgments by examining the influence of accessibility experiences. Specifically, we hypothesize that procedural justice judgments may be formed based on the ease or difficulty with which justice-relevant information comes to mind. Three experiments corroborate this prediction in that procedures were evaluated less positively when the retrieval of associated unfair aspects was easy compared to difficult. Presumably this is because when it feels easy (difficult) to retrieve unfair aspects, these are perceived as frequent (infrequent), and hence the procedure as unjust (just). In addition to demonstrating that ease-of-retrieval may influence justice judgments, the studies further revealed that reliance on accessibility experiences is high in conditions of personal certainty. We suggest that this is because personal uncertainty fosters systematic processing of content information, whereas personal certainty may invite less taxing judgmental strategies such as reliance on ease-of-retrieval.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Society & Choice > Sozialpsychologie (Greifeneder)
UniBasel Contributors:Greifeneder, Rainer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article -- This article does not exactly replicate the final version published in the journal "Experimental Psychology". It is not a copy of the original published article and is not suitable for citation.
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Last Modified:06 Apr 2018 09:49
Deposited On:06 Apr 2017 09:20

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