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On the ease of (dis)believing: The role of accessibility experiences in credibility judgments

Ask, Karl and Greifeneder, Rainer and Reinhard, Marc-André. (2012) On the ease of (dis)believing: The role of accessibility experiences in credibility judgments. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26 (5). pp. 779-784.

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Abstract

Credibility judgments are common and consequential in many applied settings. Although much research has addressed human observers' ability to discriminate true and deceptive statements, less is known about the psychological processes involved in such judgments. Here, it is proposed that the process of mustering evidence for or against credibility is reflected in a feeling-based form (ease-of-retrieval) and that such feelings can be used as a basis for credibility judgments. The results of an experiment show, as predicted, that the perceived ease with which participants could identify clues strongly influenced credibility judgments. Ironically, mustering more clues in support of a truthful account lowered credibility judgments; in contrast, mustering more clues in support of a deceptive account increased credibility judgments. Mediation analyses suggest that this is because participants relied on a feeling-based as opposed to content-based judgment strategy. Practical implications are discussed, and theoretical issues regarding the process of credibility judgment are raised.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Entscheidungspsychologie > Sozialpsychologie (Greifeneder)
UniBasel Contributors:Greifeneder, Rainer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0888-4080
e-ISSN:1099-0720
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article -- This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ask, Karl and Greifeneder, Rainer and Reinhard, Marc-André. (2012) On the ease of (dis)believing: The role of accessibility experiences in credibility judgments. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26 (5). pp. 779-784, which has been published in final form at [see DOI]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:06 Apr 2018 09:51
Deposited On:06 Apr 2017 08:06

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