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Short-term effects of particulate matter on total mortality during Saharan dust outbreaks : a case-crossover analysis in Madrid (Spain)

Tobías, Aurelio and Pérez, Laura and Díaz, Julio and Linares, Cristina and Pey, Jorge and Alastruey, Andrés and Querol, Xavier. (2011) Short-term effects of particulate matter on total mortality during Saharan dust outbreaks : a case-crossover analysis in Madrid (Spain). Science of the Total Environment, 412-413. pp. 386-389.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/46991/

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Abstract

The role of Saharan dust outbreaks on the relationship between particulate matter and daily mortality has recently been addressed in studies conducted in Southern Europe, although they have not given consistent results.; We investigated the effects of coarse (PM(10-2.5)) and fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) in Madrid on total mortality during Saharan dust and non-dust days using a case-crossover design.; During Saharan dust days, an increase of 10mg/m(3) of PM(10-2.5) raised total mortality by 2.8% compared with 0.6% during non-dust days (P-value for interaction=0.0165).; We found evidence of stronger adverse health effects of PM(10-2.5) during Saharan dust outbreaks effects for impacted European populations, but not for PM(2.5). Further research is needed to understand mechanisms by which Saharan dust increases risk of mortality.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology > Genetic Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases (Probst-Hensch)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin > Genetic Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases (Probst-Hensch)
UniBasel Contributors:Perez, Laura
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0048-9697
e-ISSN:1879-1026
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:06 Mar 2017 08:14
Deposited On:06 Mar 2017 08:14

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