Suppressors of RNA silencing encoded by the components of the cotton leaf curl begomovirus-beta satellite complex

Amin, I. and Hussain, K. and Akbergenov, R. and Yadav, J. S. and Qazi, J. and Mansoor, S. and Hohn, T. and Fauquet, C. M. and Briddon, R. W.. (2011) Suppressors of RNA silencing encoded by the components of the cotton leaf curl begomovirus-beta satellite complex. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 24 (8). pp. 973-983.

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Begomoviruses (family Geminiviridae) are single-stranded DNA viruses transmitted by the whitefly Bemisia Many economically important diseases in crops are caused by begomoviruses, particularly in tropical and subtropical environments. These include the betasatellite-associated begomoviruses causing cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD) that causes significant losses to a mainstay or the economy of Pakistan, cotton. RNA interference (RNAi) or gene silencing is a natural defense response or plants against invading viruses. In counter-defense, viruses encode suppressors of gene silencing that allow them to effectively invade plants. Here, we have analyzed the ability or the begomovirus Cotton leaf curl Multan virus (CLCuMV) and its associated betasatellite, Cotton leaf curl Multan p-satellite (CLCuMB) which, together, cause CLCuD, and the nonessential alphasatellite (Cotton leaf curl Multan alphasatellite [CLCuMA]) for their ability to suppress gene silencing in Nicotiana benthamiana. The results showed that CLCuMV by itself was unable to efficiently block silencing. However, in the presence or the betasatellite, gene silencing was entirely suppressed. Silencing was not affected in any way when infections included CLCuMA, although the alphasatellite was, for the first time, shown to be a target of RNA silencing, inducing the production in planta of specific small interfering RNAs, the effectors of silencing. Subsequently, using a quantitative real-time polymerise chain reaction assay and Northern blot analysis, the ability of all proteins encoded by CLCuMV and CLCuMB were assessed for their ability to suppress RNAi and the relative strengths of their suppression activity were compared. The analysis showed that the V2, C2, C4, and beta C1 proteins exhibited suppressor activity, with the V2 showing the strongest activity. In addition, V2, C4, and beta C1 were examined for their ability to bind RNA and shown to have distinct specificities. Although each of these proteins has, for other begomoviruses or betasatellites, been previously shown to have suppressor activity, this is the first time all proteins encoded by a geminiviruses (or begomovirus-betasatellite complex)
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Molekulare Pflanzenvirologie (Hohn)
UniBasel Contributors:Hohn, Thomas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Phytopathological Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:30 Nov 2017 09:44
Deposited On:30 Nov 2017 09:44

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