Codon 249 of the human TP53 tumor suppressor gene is no hot spot for aflatoxin B1 in a heterologous background

Sengstag, Christian and Mörbe, Jutta L. and Weibel, Béatrice. (1999) Codon 249 of the human TP53 tumor suppressor gene is no hot spot for aflatoxin B1 in a heterologous background. Mutation research, 430 (1). pp. 131-144.

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Mutations in the TP53 tumor suppressor gene are the most common alteration in cancer, and human primary liver cancers related to previous dietary exposure to the mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) exhibit a specific hot spot mutation at TP53 codon 249. We have asked whether the 249 hot spot is related to a particular susceptibility to AFB1 of this TP53 region or whether it is related to a phenotype of the 249S p53 mutant protein. This was addressed by constructing a metabolically competent variant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain yIG397 expressing human cytochrome P450 1A2 and P450-reductase and isolating AFB1-induced mutants that failed to express the genomic ADE2 reporter gene. Molecular analysis revealed that only 8/40 mutants had a mutation in the TP53 target gene, whereas 32/40 mutants were due to a recombination event eliminating the ADE2 reporter gene. None of 19 mutations identified in the eight mutant TP53 plasmids altered codon 249, thus this codon was no hot spot if the TP53 gene was in the heterologous background yeast. The genotoxic action of AFB1 was completely different from that of the alkylating agent ethyl-methane-sulfonate, where 28/30 induced mutations were linked to the TP53 target gene.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Sengstag, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier Science
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Nov 2021 16:34
Deposited On:03 Nov 2021 16:34

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