Insect immune activation by apolipophorin III is correlated with the lipid-binding properties of this protein

Niere, M. and Dettloff, M. and Maier, T. and Ziegler, M. and Wiesner, A.. (2001) Insect immune activation by apolipophorin III is correlated with the lipid-binding properties of this protein. Biochemistry, 40 (38). pp. 11502-11508.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/45825/

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Apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) is an exchangeable insect apolipoprotein consisting of five amphipathic a-helices. The protein is able to open reversibly on associating with hydrophobic surfaces and plays a role both in lipid transport and induction of immune responses. Point mutations were introduced at positions 66 (N ->D) and/or 68 (K ->E) between helices 2 and 3, a region possibly serving as a hinge for the opening of the molecule when associating with lipids. The lipid-binding properties of the mutant proteins were analyzed and compared with their immune inducing activities. Structural properties of the proteins were studied by far UV circular dichroism spectroscopy and their abilities to form discoidal complexes of dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) vesicles were investigated. In comparison to wildtype apoLp-III, apoLp-III(N66D/K68E), and apoLp-III(K68E) displayed significantly decreased lipid-binding abilities and immune stimulating activities, while these effects were less noticeable with apoLp-III(N66D). The secondary structure of the double mutant apoLp-III(N66D/K68E) was similar to that of wild-type apoLp-III. A noticeable reduction of alpha -helical content could be observed for the single mutants apoLp-III(N66D) and apoLp-III(K68E), which was accompanied by an increase in percentage amount of beta -turns. The stability of the secondary structure determined by heat denaturation was not affected by mutagenesis. Furthermore, the ability of all proteins to form discoidal complexes of equal size and shape in the presence of dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine indicated that the mutagenesis did not affect the molecular architecture in the lipid-associated conformation. The relationship between reduced lipid association and reduced immune stimulating activity supports the hypothesis that apoLp-III-induced immune activation is triggered by the conformational change of the protein.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics > Structural Biology (Maier)
UniBasel Contributors:Maier, Timm
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:23 Nov 2017 08:07
Deposited On:23 Nov 2017 08:07

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