The Zebrafish fade out mutant: a novel genetic model for Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome

Bahadori, R. and Rinner, O. and Schonthaler, H. B. and Biehlmaier, O. and Makhankov, Y. V. and Rao, P. and Jagadeeswaran, P. and Neuhauss, S. C. F.. (2006) The Zebrafish fade out mutant: a novel genetic model for Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 47 (10). pp. 4523-4531.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/45814/

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PURPOSE: To characterize retinal morphology and visual system function in the zebrafish mutant fade out (fad) and to establish the mutant as a lower vertebrate model for Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS). METHODS: Retinal morphology of fad larvae was examined between 3 and 9 days postfertilization (dpf) by standard histology, transmission electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry examination. Apoptotic cells were visualized by TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining. Visual system function was probed by electroretinography and behavioral assessment by optokinetic response measurements. Blood clotting was evaluated by time to occlusion testing of blood vessels as an arterial thrombosis assay. The chromosomal location of fad was determined by simple sequence-length polymorphism mapping. Genomic fragments of candidate genes were cloned by standard molecular techniques and mapped to the zebrafish genome by radiation hybrid mapping. RESULTS: Mutant fad larvae are hypopigmented and show structural defects in the outer retina. Melanosomes of these larvae in the retinal pigment epithelium are hypopigmented, generally smaller, and progressively reduced in number compared to nonmutant larvae. Progressive microvilli protrusions into the photoreceptor cell layer are not detectable, and photoreceptor outer segments get shorter and are misaligned. Photoreceptors subsequently undergo apoptosis, with a peak of cell death at 6 dpf. Electrical responses of the retina and visual performance are severely reduced. Blood clotting is prolonged in mutant fad larvae. Genomic mapping of fad reveals distinct genomic positions of the mutant gene from known human HPS genes. CONCLUSIONS: The fad mutant shows syndromic defects in pigmentation, outer retinal structure and function, and blood clotting. This syndrome is characteristic of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS), making fad a novel genetic model of HPS. The gene does not cosegregate with the known human HPS genes, suggesting a novel molecular cause of HPS.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Services Biozentrum > Imaging Core Facility (Biehlmaier)
UniBasel Contributors:Biehlmaier, Oliver
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Nov 2017 11:25
Deposited On:27 Nov 2017 11:25

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