Cyclic Diguanylate Signaling Proteins Control Intracellular Growth of Legionella pneumophila

Levi, A. and Folcher, M. and Jenal, U. and Shuman, H. A.. (2011) Cyclic Diguanylate Signaling Proteins Control Intracellular Growth of Legionella pneumophila. mBio, 2 (1). e00316-10.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/45781/

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Proteins that metabolize or bind the nucleotide second messenger cyclic diguanylate regulate a wide variety of important processes in bacteria. These processes include motility, biofilm formation, cell division, differentiation, and virulence. The role of cyclic diguanylate signaling in the lifestyle of Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of Legionnairesâ?? disease, has not previously been examined. The L. pneumophila genome encodes 22 predicted proteins containing domains related to cyclic diguanylate synthesis, hydrolysis, and recognition. We refer to these genes as cdgS (cyclic diguanylate signaling) genes. Strains of L.Â?pneumophila containing deletions of all individual cdgS genes were created and did not exhibit any observable growth defect in growth medium or inside host cells. However, when overexpressed, several cdgS genes strongly decreased the ability of L. pneumophila to grow inside host cells. Expression of these cdgS genes did not affect the Dot/Icm type IVB secretion system, the major determinant of intracellular growth in L. pneumophila. L.Â?pneumophila strains overexpressing these cdgS genes were less cytotoxic to THP-1 macrophages than wild-type L.Â?pneumophila but retained the ability to resist grazing by amoebae. In many cases, the intracellular-growth inhibition caused by cdgS gene overexpression was independent of diguanylate cyclase or phosphodiesterase activities. Expression of the cdgS genes in a Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis strain that lacks all diguanylate cyclase activity indicated that several cdgS genes encode potential cyclases. These results indicate that components of the cyclic diguanylate signaling pathway play an important role in regulating the ability of L.Â?pneumophila to grow in host cells.IMPORTANCE All bacteria must sense and respond to environmental cues. Intracellular bacterial pathogens must detect and respond to host functions that limit their ability to carry out a successful infection. Small-molecule second messengers play key roles in transmitting signals from environmental receptors to the proteins and other components that respond to signals. Cyclic diguanylate is a ubiquitous bacterial second messenger known to play an important role in many sensing and signaling systems in bacteria. The causative agent of Legionnairesâ?? disease, Legionella pneumophila, is an intracellular pathogen that grows inside environmental protists and human macrophages by subverting the normal processes that these cells use to capture and destroy bacteria. We show that the several cyclic diguanylate signaling components in Legionella play a role in the ability to grow inside both kinds of host cells. This work highlights the role of cyclic diguanylate signaling during intracellular growth.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Molecular Microbiology (Jenal)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Molecular Microbiology (Jenal)
UniBasel Contributors:Jenal, Urs
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:30 Nov 2017 09:26
Deposited On:30 Nov 2017 09:26

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