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A model of disturbed eating behavior in men: The role of body dissatisfaction, emotion dysregulation and cognitive distortions

Wyssen, Andrea and Bryjova, Jana and Meyer, Andrea Hans and Munsch, Simone. (2016) A model of disturbed eating behavior in men: The role of body dissatisfaction, emotion dysregulation and cognitive distortions. Psychiatry Research, 246. pp. 9-15.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/44805/

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Abstract

Comprehensive models, targeting the development of eating disorders (EDs) in males, often employ a sociocultural perspective and empathize the importance of body dissatisfaction (BD). To further illuminate psychological factors contributing to the development of ED pathology, we propose a mediator model of disturbed eating and compensatory behavior (DECB) for men. This model suggests that emotion dysregulation and the susceptibility to body-related cognitive distortions (thought-shape fusion, TSF) mediate the relationship between BD and DECB. Based on data from a cross-sectional online-survey we tested our model in a non-clinical community sample of young men (N=123, 18-37 years). We found a significant positive association between BD and DECB, accounting for participant's body mass index (BMI), age and depressive symptoms. While TSF partially mediated the relationship between BD and DECB, we did not detect a corresponding effect for emotion dysregulation. Based on our findings, we concluded that TSF, which describes specific distorted cognitions with respect to one's own body triggered by fattening/ forbidden food, contributes to the pathological eating- and body-related behavior in men who are dissatisfied with their body. We suggest that TSF should be included in etiological models as a relevant aspect of cognitive information processing with emotional and behavioral consequences.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Meyer, Andrea Hans
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0165-1781
e-ISSN:1872-7123
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:13 Mar 2019 08:54
Deposited On:01 Nov 2017 07:36

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