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Road traffic noise, blood pressure and heart rate : Pooled analyses of harmonized data from 88,336 participants

Zijlema, Wilma and Cai, Yutong and Doiron, Dany and Mbatchou, Stéphane and Fortier, Isabel and Gulliver, John and de Hoogh, Kees and Morley, David and Hodgson, Susan and Elliott, Paul and Key, Timothy and Kongsgard, Havard and Hveem, Kristian and Gaye, Amadou and Burton, Paul and Hansell, Anna and Stolk, Ronald and Rosmalen, Judith. (2016) Road traffic noise, blood pressure and heart rate : Pooled analyses of harmonized data from 88,336 participants. Environmental research, 151. pp. 804-813.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/44653/

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Abstract

Exposure to road traffic noise may increase blood pressure and heart rate. It is unclear to what extent exposure to air pollution may influence this relationship. We investigated associations between noise, blood pressure and heart rate, with harmonized data from three European cohorts, while taking into account exposure to air pollution.; Road traffic noise exposure was assessed using a European noise model based on the Common Noise Assessment Methods in Europe framework (CNOSSOS-EU). Exposure to air pollution was estimated using a European-wide land use regression model. Blood pressure and heart rate were obtained by trained clinical professionals. Pooled cross-sectional analyses of harmonized data were conducted at the individual level and with random-effects meta-analyses.; We analyzed data from 88,336 participants, across the three participating cohorts (mean age 47.0 (±13.9) years). Each 10dB(A) increase in noise was associated with a 0.93 (95% CI 0.76;1.11) bpm increase in heart rate, but with a decrease in blood pressure of 0.01 (95% CI -0.24;0.23) mmHg for systolic and 0.38 (95% CI -0.53; -0.24) mmHg for diastolic blood pressure. Adjustments for PM10 or NO2 attenuated the associations, but remained significant for DBP and HR. Results for BP differed by cohort, with negative associations with noise in LifeLines, no significant associations in EPIC-Oxford, and positive associations with noise >60dB(A) in HUNT3.; Our study suggests that road traffic noise may be related to increased heart rate. No consistent evidence for a relation between noise and blood pressure was found.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Environmental Exposures and Health > Physical Hazards and Health (Röösli)
UniBasel Contributors:de Hoogh, Kees
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1096-0953
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:08 Dec 2016 14:53
Deposited On:08 Dec 2016 14:53

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