The Ska complex promotes Aurora B activity to ensure chromosome biorientation

Redli, Patrick M. and Gasic, Ivana and Meraldi, Patrick and Nigg, Erich A. and Santamaria, Anna. (2016) The Ska complex promotes Aurora B activity to ensure chromosome biorientation. The Journal of Cell Biology, 215 (1). pp. 77-93.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/44403/

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Chromosome biorientation and accurate segregation rely on the plasticity of kinetochore-microtubule (KT-MT) attachments. Aurora B facilitates KT-MT dynamics by phosphorylating kinetochore proteins that are critical for KT-MT interactions. Among the substrates whose microtubule and kinetochore binding is curtailed by Aurora B is the spindle and kinetochore-associated (Ska) complex, a key factor for KT-MT stability. Here, we show that Ska is not only a substrate of Aurora B, but is also required for Aurora B activity. Ska-deficient cells fail to biorient and display chromosome segregation errors underlying suppressed KT-MT turnover. These defects coincide with KNL1-Mis12-Ndc80 network hypophosphorylation, reduced mitotic centromere-associated kinesin localization, and Aurora B T-loop phosphorylation at kinetochores. We further show that Ska requires its microtubule-binding capability to promote Aurora B activity in cells and stimulates Aurora B catalytic activity in vitro. Finally, we show that protein phosphatase 1 counteracts Aurora B activity to enable Ska kinetochore accumulation once biorientation is achieved. We propose that Ska promotes Aurora B activity to limit its own microtubule and kinetochore association and to ensure that KT-MT dynamics and stability fall within an optimal balance for biorientation.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Cell Biology (Nigg)
UniBasel Contributors:Nigg, Erich A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Rockefeller University Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:25 Oct 2017 14:25
Deposited On:25 Oct 2017 14:25

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