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Why do(n’t) you like me? The role of social approach and avoidance motives in attributions following social acceptance and rejection

Schoch, Simone and Nikitin, Jana and Freund, Alexandra M.. (2015) Why do(n’t) you like me? The role of social approach and avoidance motives in attributions following social acceptance and rejection. Motivation and Emotion, 39. pp. 680-692.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/44331/

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Abstract

The present research aimed at answering the question why people differ in their way of attributing experienced social acceptance and rejection. Using a motivational approach, two scenario studies (Study 1, N = 280; Study 2, N = 232) and one study using actual social interactions (Study 3, N = 128) supported the hypothesis that dispositional social approach motives are associated with attributions following social acceptance (β = .16–.23, p < .001) but not social rejection (β = −.03 to −.06, p > .13), whereas dispositional social avoidance motives are associated with attributions following social rejection (β = .23–.29, p < .001) but not social acceptance (β = −.02 to −.08, p > .07). These studies demonstrate that social approach and avoidance motives are differentially predictive in social situations with positive compared to negative outcomes. Moreover, social motives play an important role in people’s attributions following their experiences of social acceptance or rejection. Taken together, the three studies suggest that people’s explanations of social acceptance and rejection differ as a function of what they generally want and fear in social interactions.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie > Entwicklungs- und Persönlichkeitspsychologie (Nikitin)
UniBasel Contributors:Nikitin, Jana
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0146-7239
e-ISSN:1573-6644
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Nov 2017 08:24
Deposited On:03 Nov 2017 08:24

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