Influence of Alkali Ions on Tribological Properties of Silicon Surface

Jarzabek, Dariusz M. and Siewert, Dorota and Fabianowski, Wojciech and Schift, Helmut and Rymuza, Zygmunt and Jung, Thomas. (2015) Influence of Alkali Ions on Tribological Properties of Silicon Surface. Tribology Letters, 60 (2). pp. 1-8.

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Tribological properties of surfaces (friction, adhesion and wear) provide challenging limitations to the design of reliable machines on the micro- and nanometer scale as the surface to volume area increases and volume, mass and inertia of the mobile parts decrease. This study reports on the reduction in the friction force of silicon surfaces after the alkali metal ion exposure in the form of aqueous solutions. A scanning force microscope equipped with a liquid cell was used to investigate the friction force and the pull-off force of a flat silicon surface immersed in water and in different alkali metal chlorides solutions: LiCl, NaCl and CsCl. The concentration ranged from 0.1 up to 1000 µmol/l. The changes in the free surface energy of the initial surface and of the modified surfaces after drying were determined from contact angle measurements and from the acid–base adhesion theory. In both cases, in the liquid environment and after drying of the exposed silicon substrates in air, the friction force is reduced by approximately 50 %. Our results provide new, fundamental insight into the exchange of surface termination layers in particular for tribology. Also it is suggested to use the procedure as a low-cost alternative to improve the tribological properties of the silicon surface in particular in applications where lubricating fluids are not appropriate, e.g., in nanomachines and devices.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik
UniBasel Contributors:Jung, Thomas A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Oct 2016 10:09
Deposited On:27 Oct 2016 10:08

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