Thin film formation and morphology of electrosprayed polydimethylsiloxane

Weiss, Florian M. and Töpper, Tino and Osmani, Bekim and Deyhle, Hans and Kovacs, Gabor and Müller, Bert. (2016) Thin film formation and morphology of electrosprayed polydimethylsiloxane. Langmuir, 32 (13). pp. 3276-3283.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/42683/

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Low-voltage dielectric actuators (DEAs) can be fabricated using submicrometer-thin polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) films. The two established techniques, namely spin coating and molecular beam deposition, however, are inappropriate to produce multistack DEAs in an efficient way. Therefore, we propose an alternative deposition technique, i.e., the alternating current electrospray deposition (ACESD) of 5 vol % PDMS in ethyl acetate solution and subsequent ultraviolet light curing. Atomic force microscopy makes possible the three-dimensional analysis of cured dropletlike islands. These circular islands, prepared on 2 in. Si(100) wafers from four polymers with molecular masses between 800 and 62 700 g/mol, reveal a characteristic morphology with an increasing height-to-diameter ratio. Using the 6000 g/mol polymer for ACESD, the film morphology evolution was tracked by applying conventional optical microscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry. When the deposition was terminated after 13 s, circular islands with a mean height of 30 nm were found, while terminating the deposition after about 155 s led to a confluent layer with a mean height of 91 ± 10 nm. Potential electrostatic interactions between the droplets could not be identified through the analysis of spatial island distribution. Nevertheless, ACESD is a budget-priced and competitive deposition technique that can be employed to fabricate submicrometer-thin PDMS films with true nanometer roughness.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedical Engineering > Biomechanics and Biomaterials
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedical Engineering > Imaging and Computational Modelling > Biomaterials Science Center (Müller)
UniBasel Contributors:Weiss, Florian and Töpper, Tino and Osmani, Bekim and Deyhle, Hans and Müller, Bert
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:24 Nov 2016 10:08
Deposited On:24 Nov 2016 10:08

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