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Single-channel measurements of an N-acetylneuraminic acid-inducible outer membrane channel in Escherichia coli

Giri, Janhavi and Tang, John M. and Wirth, Christophe and Peneff, Caroline M. and Eisenberg, Bob. (2012) Single-channel measurements of an N-acetylneuraminic acid-inducible outer membrane channel in Escherichia coli. European biophysics journal, 41 (3). pp. 259-271.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/42635/

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Abstract

NanC is an Escherichia coli outer membrane protein involved in sialic acid (Neu5Ac, i.e., N-acetylneuraminic acid) uptake. Expression of the NanC gene is induced and controlled by Neu5Ac. The transport mechanism of Neu5Ac is not known. The structure of NanC was recently solved (PDB code: 2WJQ) and includes a unique arrangement of positively charged (basic) side chains consistent with a role in acidic sugar transport. However, initial functional measurements of NanC failed to find its role in the transport of sialic acids, perhaps because of the ionic conditions used in the experiments. We show here that the ionic conditions generally preferred for measuring the function of outer-membrane porins are not appropriate for NanC. Single channels of NanC at pH 7.0 have: (1) conductance 100 pS to 800 pS in 100 mM: KCl to 3 M: KCl), (2) anion over cation selectivity (V (reversal) = +16 mV in 250 mM: KCl || 1 M: KCl), and (3) two forms of voltage-dependent gating (channel closures above ±200 mV). Single-channel conductance decreases by 50% when HEPES concentration is increased from 100 ?M: to 100 mM: in 250 mM: KCl at pH 7.4, consistent with the two HEPES binding sites observed in the crystal structure. Studying alternative buffers, we find that phosphate interferes with the channel conductance. Single-channel conductance decreases by 19% when phosphate concentration is increased from 0 mM: to 5 mM: in 250 mM: KCl at pH 8.0. Surprisingly, TRIS in the baths reacts with Ag|AgCl electrodes, producing artifacts even when the electrodes are on the far side of agar-KCl bridges. A suitable baseline solution for NanC is 250 mM: KCl adjusted to pH 7.0 without buffer.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics > Structural Biology (Schirmer)
UniBasel Contributors:Schirmer, Tilman
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1432-1017
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:27 Sep 2016 14:56
Deposited On:27 Sep 2016 14:56

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