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Generation of Plasmodium falciparum parasite-inhibitory antibodies by immunization with recombinantly-expressed CyRPA

Favuzza, Paola and Blaser, Simon and Dreyer, Anita M. and Riccio, Guy and Tamborrini, Marco and Thoma, Ralf and Matile, Hugues and Pluschke, Gerd. (2016) Generation of Plasmodium falciparum parasite-inhibitory antibodies by immunization with recombinantly-expressed CyRPA. Malaria journal, 15. p. 161.

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Abstract

The pathogenesis of malaria is primarily associated with blood-stage infection and there is strong evidence that antibodies specific for parasite blood-stage antigens can control parasitaemia. This provides a strong rationale for incorporation of asexual blood-stage antigen components into an effective multivalent malaria subunit vaccine. On the basis of available genome-wide transcriptomic and proteomic data, previously uncharacterized Plasmodium falciparum open reading frames were screened for new blood stage vaccine candidates. This has led to the identification of the cysteine-rich protective antigen (PfCyRPA), which forms together with PfRH5 and PfRipr a multiprotein complex that is crucial for erythrocyte invasion.; Glycosylated and non-glycosylated variants of recombinant PfCyRPA were expressed and produced as secreted protein in mammalian cells. Adjuvanted formulations of purified PfCyRPA were tested to assess whether they can effectively elicit parasite inhibitory antibodies, and to investigate whether or not the glycosylation status affects antibody binding. For this purpose, two sets of PfCyRPA-specific mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been raised and evaluated for functional activity.; Generated PfCyRPA-specific mAbs, irrespective of the immunogen's glycosylation status, showed substantial parasite in vitro growth-inhibitory activity due to inhibition of erythrocyte invasion by merozoites. Furthermore, passive immunization experiments in P. falciparum infected NOD-scid IL2Rγ (null) mice engrafted with human erythrocytes demonstrated potent in vivo growth-inhibitory activity of generated mAbs.; Recombinantly expressed PfCyRPA tested as adjuvanted vaccine formulations in mice elicited antibodies that significantly inhibit P. falciparum asexual blood stage parasite growth both in vitro and in vivo. These findings render PfCyRPA a promising blood-stage candidate antigen for inclusion into a multicomponent malaria subunit vaccine.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology > Molecular Immunology (Pluschke)
UniBasel Contributors:Tamborrini, Marco and Pluschke, Gerd
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1475-2875
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:06 Sep 2016 13:00
Deposited On:26 May 2016 13:46

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