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Transport-related measures to mitigate climate change in Basel, Switzerland : a health-effectiveness comparison study

Perez, L. and Trüeb, S. and Cowie, H. and Keuken, M. P. and Mudu, P. and Ragettli, M. S. and Sarigiannis, D. A. and Tobollik, M. and Tuomisto, J. and Vienneau, D. and Sabel, C. and Künzli, N.. (2015) Transport-related measures to mitigate climate change in Basel, Switzerland : a health-effectiveness comparison study. Environment international, 85. pp. 111-119.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/42005/

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Abstract

Local strategies to reduce green-house gases (GHG) imply changes of non-climatic exposure patterns.; To assess the health impacts of locally relevant transport-related climate change policies in Basel, Switzerland.; We modelled change in mortality and morbidity for the year 2020 based on several locally relevant transport scenarios including all decided transport policies up to 2020, additional realistic and hypothesized traffic reductions, as well as ambitious diffusion levels of electric cars. The scenarios were compared to the reference condition in 2010 assumed as status quo. The changes in non-climatic population exposure included ambient air pollution, physical activity, and noise. As secondary outcome, changes in Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) were put into perspective with predicted changes of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption.; Under the scenario that assumed a strict particle emissions standard in diesel cars and all planned transport measures, 3% of premature deaths could be prevented from projected PM2.5 exposure reduction. A traffic reduction scenario assuming more active trips provided only minor added health benefits for any of the changes in exposure considered. A hypothetical strong support to electric vehicles diffusion would have the largest health effectiveness given that the energy production in Basel comes from renewable sources.; The planned local transport related GHG emission reduction policies in Basel are sensible for mitigating climate change and improving public health. In this context, the most effective policy remains increasing zero-emission vehicles.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology > Air Pollution and Health (Künzli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin > Air Pollution and Health (Künzli)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Perez, Laura and Ragettli, Martina and Vienneau, Danielle and Künzli, Nino
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0160-4120
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:20 Oct 2017 10:10
Deposited On:21 Apr 2016 09:26

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