Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the risk of head and neck cancer: a case-control analysis

Becker, Claudia and Wilson, Jessica Claire and Jick, Susan S. and Meier, Christoph R.. (2015) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the risk of head and neck cancer: a case-control analysis. International journal of cancer, 137 (10). pp. 2424-2431.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/41943/

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Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) have been associated with a reduced risk for certain cancers. We explored the association between use of NSAIDs and the risk of head and neck cancer (HNC). We conducted a case-control analysis in the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) among people below the age of 90 years with incident HNC between 1995 and 2013. Six controls per case were matched on age, sex, calendar time, general practice, and number of years of active history in the CPRD prior to the HNC diagnosis. Other potential confounders including comorbidities and comedication were also evaluated, and we adjusted our final analyses for BMI, smoking and alcohol consumption. Our analyses included 2,745 HNC cases and 16,470 controls. Aspirin or NSAID use overall did not significantly change the HNC risk. However, patients with six or more prescriptions for ibuprofen were at a statistically significantly reduced risk for HNC (adjusted OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.37-0.94). The HNC risk tended to decrease with increasing cumulative exposure to ibuprofen, and to be more pronounced for cancer of the larynx. To conclude, in this large population-based observational study we found a decreased risk for HNC associated with regular use of ibuprofen.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Klinische Pharmazie/Spitalpharmazie (Meier)
UniBasel Contributors:Meier, Christoph R.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Alan R. Liss
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:20 Sep 2016 08:03
Deposited On:20 Sep 2016 08:03

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