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Oral and inhaled glucocorticoid use and risk of Achilles or biceps tendon rupture: a population-based case-control study

Spoendlin, Julia and Meier, Christian and Jick, Susan S. and Meier, Christoph R.. (2015) Oral and inhaled glucocorticoid use and risk of Achilles or biceps tendon rupture: a population-based case-control study. Annals of medicine, 47 (6). pp. 492-498.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/41937/

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Abstract

Tendinotoxicity of glucocorticoids (GC) has been shown, but evidence on how this translates into clinical practice remains scarce.; To explore the association between oral or inhaled GC use and the risk of Achilles or biceps tendon rupture (ATR/BTR).; We identified patients aged 18 to 89 years with incident ATR or BTR (1995-2013) for a matched (1:4) case-control analysis using the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink. We stratified oral GC use by indication, timing and duration of use, continuous versus intermittent use, cumulative dose, and average daily dose. We stratified inhaled GC use by timing and number of prescriptions.; Among 8,202 cases, we observed increased odds ratios (ORs) around 3.0 for continuous oral GC use, which declined shortly after therapy cessation (similarly across indications). Odds ratios increased with average daily dose (≥ 10 mg/day, OR 4.05, 95% CI 2.32-7.08) and were elevated after one cycle of high-dose oral GC (≥ 20 mg/day). There was no effect of inhaled GC at any level of exposure.; Our results provide evidence that oral GC therapy increases the risk of tendon rupture in a dose-response relationship. A single short-term high-dose GC treatment course may be sufficient transiently to increase the risk of tendon rupture.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Klinische Pharmazie/Spitalpharmazie (Meier)
UniBasel Contributors:Meier, Christoph R. and Spoendlin, Julia and Meier-Aeschlimann, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:The Finnish Medical Society Duodecim
ISSN:0785-3890
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:20 Sep 2016 09:17
Deposited On:20 Sep 2016 09:17

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