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Same old in Middle Neolithic diets? A stable isotope study of bone collagen from the burial community of Jechtingen,southwest Germany

Mörseburg, Alexander and Alt, Kurt W. and Knipper, Corina. (2015) Same old in Middle Neolithic diets? A stable isotope study of bone collagen from the burial community of Jechtingen,southwest Germany. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 39. pp. 210-221.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/41894/

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Abstract

Dietary patterns and subsistence strategies of the early farmers of the central European Linearbandkeramik culture (LBK) have received much research attention, but only little is known about subsequent Neolithic time periods. In order to address continuity or alterations through time, this study explores bone collagen carbon and nitrogen isotope data from the Middle Neolithic cemetery of Jechtingen in southwest Germany, attributed to the ceramic phases of Großgartach, Planig-Friedberg and Rössen (4850/4800–4500 BC). The dataset comprises 77 individuals making it the most extensive from this period to date. The average values of the adults are −20.6 ± 0.3‰ for δ13C and 9.4 ± 0.8‰ for δ15N (n = 62) indicating a mixed diet of animal and plant proteins based on a terrestrial C3 ecosystem. There is no indication of dietary differences due to age or sex. The δ13C values follow regional trends emerging from previously investigated LBK and Middle Neolithic sites. They appear to be primarily driven by environmental factors, such as annual precipitation rates. Concerning δ15N, LBK and Middle Neolithic datasets overlap widely, and Jechtingen falls well into the data ranges of other previously published sites. The stable isotope data do not hint at remarkable changes of the dietary habits between the food-producing communities of the LBK and the subsequent Middle Neolithic.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA)
UniBasel Contributors:Alt, Kurt W.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0278-4165
e-ISSN:1090-2686
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:20 Sep 2016 06:59
Deposited On:20 Sep 2016 06:59

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