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Health impacts of anthropogenic biomass burning in the developed world

Sigsgaard, Torben and Forsberg, Bertil and Annesi-Maesano, Isabella and Blomberg, Anders and Bølling, Anette and Boman, Christoffer and Bønløkke, Jakob and Brauer, Michael and Bruce, Nigel and Héroux, Marie-Eve and Hirvonen, Maija-Riitta and Kelly, Frank and Künzli, Nino and Lundbäck, Bo and Moshammer, Hanns and Noonan, Curtis and Pagels, Joachim and Sallsten, Gerd and Sculier, Jean-Paul and Brunekreef, Bert. (2015) Health impacts of anthropogenic biomass burning in the developed world. The European respiratory journal, 46 (6). pp. 1577-1588.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/41675/

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Abstract

Climate change policies have stimulated a shift towards renewable energy sources such as biomass. The economic crisis of 2008 has also increased the practice of household biomass burning as it is often cheaper than using oil, gas or electricity for heating. As a result, household biomass combustion is becoming an important source of air pollutants in the European Union.This position paper discusses the contribution of biomass combustion to pollution levels in Europe, and the emerging evidence on the adverse health effects of biomass combustion products.Epidemiological studies in the developed world have documented associations between indoor and outdoor exposure to biomass combustion products and a range of adverse health effects. A conservative estimate of the current contribution of biomass smoke to premature mortality in Europe amounts to at least 40 000 deaths per year.We conclude that emissions from current biomass combustion products negatively affect respiratory and, possibly, cardiovascular health in Europe. Biomass combustion emissions, in contrast to emissions from most other sources of air pollution, are increasing. More needs to be done to further document the health effects of biomass combustion in Europe, and to reduce emissions of harmful biomass combustion products to protect public health.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology > Air Pollution and Health (Künzli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin > Air Pollution and Health (Künzli)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Künzli, Nino
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Munksgaard
ISSN:0903-1936
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:05 Sep 2018 11:51
Deposited On:19 Apr 2016 07:40

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