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Hummalian industry (El-Kowm, Central Syria): core-like reductions for small-sized debitage case in Levantine Middle Palaeolithic

Wojtczak, Dorota and Le Tensorer, Jean-Marie and Demidenko, Yuri. (2014) Hummalian industry (El-Kowm, Central Syria): core-like reductions for small-sized debitage case in Levantine Middle Palaeolithic. Quartär, 61. pp. 23-48.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/41150/

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Abstract

This paper presents the Hummalian industry uncovered during the 2001-2005 and 2009 excavations at Hummal (El Kowm), Syria from the stratified layers, mainly layer 6c-2. Blade industries were located in the stratigraphy between the Yabrudian and Levallois-Mousterian occupations and their complete sequence is dated to circa 200 ky. The main Hummalian core reduction strategy aimed to produce elongated and large-sized blanks of different morphology. Nonetheless the significance of on-site manufacturing of small implements from burin-cores and truncated-faceted pieces is also a remarkable feature. These end products, namely bladelets and small-sized flakes, also represent anticipated components complementary to the repertoire of various lithic specimens recovered from Hummalian layers and could suggest hand held cutting tools. The presence of three variable reduction strategies showing a great variety of core reduction methods seems to be related to the
Hummal site function and its Early Middle Palaeolithic human occupation.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA) > Urgeschichte (Le Tensorer)
UniBasel Contributors:Wojtczak, Dorota and Demindenko, Yuri and Le Tensorer, Jean-Marie
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Hugo Obermaier-Gesellschaft
ISSN:0375-7471
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:23 Aug 2016 05:34
Deposited On:23 Aug 2016 05:34

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