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Emotional symptoms and their contribution to functional impairment in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Mörstedt, Beatrice and Corbisiero, Salvatore and Bitto, Hannes and Stieglitz, Rolf Dieter. (2015) Emotional symptoms and their contribution to functional impairment in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders , 8 (1). pp. 21-33.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/40541/

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Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder beginning in childhood and consisting of the core symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The disorder is often accompanied by functional impairment in daily life. Research showed that severe impairment cannot be fully explained by the core symptoms of ADHD. Accordingly, emotional symptoms in ADHD and their influence on functional impairment have increasingly become the focus of research in recent years. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between ADHD core symptoms, emotional symptoms, and functional impairment. We assumed that emotional symptoms might form part of adult ADHD and that the connection between ADHD core symptoms and functional impairment may be partly mediated by emotional symptoms. Data of 176 participants from an ADHD Special Consultations Unit were included. Of these participants, 146 were diagnosed with ADHD, while 30 received no such diagnosis. We developed a structural equation model which included core symptoms, emotional symptoms, and four domains of daily impairment (family life, social life, work, and organization). As predicted, results indicate that emotional symptoms are directly linked to adult ADHD and bear a strong negative influence on different domains of daily life. The results of different analyses showed a mediation of the relationship between ADHD core symptoms and impairment through emotional symptoms: While the connection between inattention and work and organization was partly mediated, the connections between impulsivity and family life and between inattention and social life were shown to be fully mediated through emotional symptoms.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Psychiatrie (Stieglitz)
UniBasel Contributors:Stieglitz, Rolf Dieter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1866-6116
e-ISSN:1866-6647
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Oct 2018 13:13
Deposited On:27 Oct 2018 13:13

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