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The Bulgarian Educational System and Gender Segregation in the Labour Market

Bieri, Franziska and Imdorf, Christian and Stoilova, Ruminana and Boyadjieva, Pepka. (2016) The Bulgarian Educational System and Gender Segregation in the Labour Market. European Societies, 18 (2). pp. 158-179.

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Abstract

School-to-work transitions are embedded in the institutional structures of educational systems. In particular, vocational education has been linked to greater horizontal gender segregation in employment. Similarly, research on higher education has uncovered how stratification at the tertiary level can promote gender segregation in the labour market. This paper investigates how gender typical employment is conditioned by the institutional features of the educational system in Bulgaria. Despite the post-socialist transformations of Bulgaria’s educational system and its labour market, horizontal gender segregation has remained rather moderate from an international perspective. We use data from a 2012 nationally representative survey. We find that the educational system shapes the gendered occupational trajectories for men but it does not hold the same explanatory power for women. Neither vocational nor higher education has a significant effect for women. In contrast, men with vocational education are more likely to work in male-typed occupations and, in line with the literature, higher education steers men toward gender mixed and a-typical occupations. Our study points to the importance of educational institutional factors in shaping gender (a)-typical career paths. The Bulgarian case, in particular, offers insights into the mechanisms that can potentially decrease horizontal gender segregation in the labour market.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Bildungssoziologie (Imdorf)
04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Fachbereich Soziologie > Sozialforschung und Methodologie (Bergman)
UniBasel Contributors:Bieri, Franziska and Imdorf, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1461-6696
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:22 May 2018 12:18
Deposited On:15 May 2018 13:13

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